Conditions

Conditions

UHealth gynecologists provide well-woman care such as annual exams and Pap smears. They also specialize in treating the following conditions.

Menstrual disorders

  • Painful cramps
  • Heavy bleeding or periods that exceed seven days
  • Absence of menstruation, either when a young woman does not begin to menstruate by the age of 16 or when periods that were previously regular stop for at least three months
  • Light or infrequent menstruation or periods that occur more than 35 days apart

Vaginal infections and sexually transmitted diseases

Uterine fibroids (noncancerous tumors that develop in the womb)

Some common symptoms experienced by women with uterine fibroids include:

  • Abdominal fullness, gas, or constipation
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Increase in urinary frequency
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding, sometimes with the passage of blood clots
  • Menstrual periods that may last longer than normal
  • Pelvic cramping or pain with periods
  • Sensation of fullness or pressure in lower abdomen
  • Pain during intercourse

For information on surgical management of fibroids, visit our Fibroid Clinic page.

Endometriosis

When a woman has endometriosis, a type of tissue that lines the uterus (endometrium) is also growing outside the uterus. This does not always cause symptoms. And it usually is not dangerous. But it can cause pain and other problems.

The clumps of tissue that grow outside the uterus are called implants. They usually grow on the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the outer wall of the uterus, the intestines, or other organs in the abdomen. In rare cases, they spread to areas beyond the belly.

Some symptoms include:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, rectum, vagina, or lower back. Pain can occur only before and during periods or all the time. Some women have more pain during sex, when they have a bowel movement, or during ovulation.
  • Abnormal bleeding. Some women have heavy periods, spotting or bleeding between periods, bleeding after sex, or blood in their urine or stool.
  • Trouble getting pregnant

Endometriosis varies from woman to woman. Some women do not know that they have it until they go to see a doctor because they cannot get pregnant. Some have mild cramping that they think is normal for them. In other women, the pain and bleeding are so bad that they are not able to work or go to school.

Menopause

Not all women experience symptoms prior to or following menopause, which is defined as the time when a woman has naturally ceased having menstrual periods for one year. However, some women experience uncomfortable symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, pain during intercourse, increased anxiety or irritability, and the need to urinate more often.

Cervical dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition in which abnormal cell growth occurs on the surface lining of the cervix, the opening between the uterus and the vagina. Strongly associated with sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, cervical dysplasia is most common in women under age 30 but can develop at any age.

Cervical dysplasia usually causes no symptoms, and is most often discovered by a routine Pap test.