Uterine Prolapse

Uterine Prolapse

What is uterine prolapse?
Uterine prolapse is a condition in which the uterus is no longer in its normal position and has instead moved from the pelvic cavity into the vagina.

If you have uterine prolapse, you may experience:

• A feeling as if sitting on a small ball
• Difficult or painful sexual intercourse
• Frequent urination or a sudden, urgent need to empty the bladder
• Low backache
• Pain during intercourse
• Protruding of the uterus and cervix through the vaginal opening
• Repeated bladder infections
• Sensation of heaviness or pulling in the pelvis
• Vaginal bleeding or increased vaginal discharge
• Chronic constipation and the pushing associated with it can worsen uterine prolapse

What causes uterine prolapse?
Many of the symptoms are worse when standing or sitting for long periods of time.

The uterus is held in position in the pelvis by muscles, special ligaments, and other tissue. The uterus drops into the vaginal canal (prolapses) when these muscles and connective tissues weaken.

Uterine prolapse usually happens in women who have had one or more vaginal births. Normal aging and lack of estrogen hormone after menopause may also cause uterine prolapse. Chronic cough and obesity increase the pressure on the pelvic floor and may contribute to the prolapse. Uterine prolapse can also be caused by a pelvic tumor, although this is rare.